Cognitive-Behaviour Therapy (CBT)
CBT is a talking therapy based on the idea that your thoughts, feelings, physiology (how your body feels) and behaviour (what you do) are all connected with one another. Most people come to therapy because they have a problem with the way they are feeling, however we cannot do anything directly to change this. Instead, thoughts, physiology and behaviour are explored and unhelpful cycles are identified.
Acceptance and Committment Therapy (ACT)
The aim of ACT is to help people to have rich and fulfilling lives while effectively handling the pain and distress that life inevitably brings. Acceptance is what is out of our personal control and commitment is taking action that enriches your life. This type of therapy involves practicing mindfulness (see below) and helping you to clarify what is truly important and meaningful to you. Research so far has found it to be effective for many types of difficulties.
Mindfulness is paying attention to the present moment, whether that be your own thoughts and feelings or the world around you. This helps us to enjoy life more and understand ourselves better. It involves formal practice within and outside of sessions and this can take many forms, such as paying attention to the breath or to a particular object. Research has shown mindfulness to be helpful for a wide range of difficulties.
Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR)
EMDR is used to help people recover from distressing events and the difficulties they have caused. When a traumatic event occurs, the brain may be unable to fully process what has happened and so memory of the event can become 'stuck'. EMDR helps the brain reprocess the memory properly. The person is asked to recall the traumatic event whilst also moving their eyes from side to side (guided by the therapist). EMDR is recommended by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) and the World Health Organisation (WHO) for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and can also be helpful for a range of other mental health difficulties.
Compassion Focused Therapy (CFT)
CFT helps people to develop experiences of inner warmth, safeness and soothing. It can be particularly helpful when people find themselves getting caught up in self-criticism and shame. The approach involves exploring different systems within the brain that have evolved over time and to try and integrate these systems in order to develop a more compassionate mind.